Ingredients Glossary

OHA’s Expanded Glossary
A Passion for Superior Ingredients

Acacia Senegal Gum – This is a natural polysaccharide derived from the sap of the African Acacia tree and is sometimes referred to as Gum Arabic. It is used to naturally emulsify, stabilize or improve the texture of creams but also has the benefit of being anti-inflammatory and soothing to irritated skin.

Allantoin – A derivative of the herb comfrey, allantoin is well known for healing wounds, speeding up cellular regeneration and for conditioning the skin. The FDA lists comfrey as a skin protectant.

Aloe Vera (Aloe barbadensis)– This is a juice and gel derived from a perennial evergreen plant belonging to the lily family. The leaves secrete a mucilaginous, gel like, substance that is rich in glucomannans, a hydrophilic carbohydrate, and polysaccharide carbohydrates shown to have anti-tumor promoting effects. Aloe consistently shows positive results in analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of on the skin. The aloe vera gel contains Vitamins B1, B2, B6, calcium, potassium and enzymes, which supply healing and strengthening nutrients very beneficial to the care of the skin.

Alpha Lipoic Acid – This is a very powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory nutrient. It was discovered as part of an enzyme complex within the cell that is responsible for energy production. It is both water and oil soluble, so can be absorbed and protect all parts of the cell. Alpha lipoic acid helps to recycle the antioxidant vitamins C and E, and regenerates glutathione, the body’s naturally occurring antioxidant amino acid. Alpha lipoic acid inhibits glycation, the break down of proteins due to sugar attachment, which reduces the cross-linking of collagen. OHA uses the chirally correct, biologically familiar, R-Lipoic Acid.

Ascorbyl Palmitate – A fat soluble form of Vitamin C that supports the production and maintenance of collagen in the body and protects cells from free radical damage. When Vitamin C is esterfied, it becomes fat soluble, allowing it to better penetrate the skin. The skin then benefits from the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and collagen enhancing properties of Vitamin C.

Avocado (Persea Gratissima) Oil (Unrefined) – This oil contains Vitamins A, B1, B2, D and E. It is highly emollient due to its high content of fatty acids (Palmitic, linoleic, linolenic and oleic). Unrefined avocado oil retains chlorophyll, boosting its antioxidant effects.

Behenyl Alcohol – A gentle fatty alcohol with a long carbon chain derived from rape (canola) seed oil. It is used to thicken and stabilize emulsifications and acts as an emollient to the skin.

Beeswax – A wonderful substance secreted by worker honeybees. Its function is to thicken and emulsify cream preparations. Beeswax also acts to hold moisture in the skin. Our beeswax is organic and produced at a low temperature thereby retaining the propolis, which acts to support the skin’s immunological functions.

Blackberry (Rubus Villosus) Seed Oil – An oil containing extremely high levels of the vital essential fatty acids, Omega 3 and Omega 6. The rich concentration of fatty acids, along with  its ellagic acid content, insures moisture retention, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory protection, and is highly nourishing for skin cells.

Calendula Officinalis CO2 and Extract – This herb is used as an anti-inflammatory and as a remedy for treating wounds. It speeds up wound healing by bringing increased blood flow to the area and by promoting the production of collagen. Calendula is also useful in treating scars, spider veins, bruises, rashes and inflamed and/or itchy skin. Its active compounds include sterols, tocopherols, tri-terpenoids, fatty acids and flavanoids. OHA uses both the supercritical CO2 extract and the succus, the pressed juice squeezed from the arial part of the plant.

Calophyllum Inophyllum (Tamanu Oil) – A tree native to India and now found throughout the Pacific Islands. Calophyllum has been used traditionally as a skin remedy; for burns, ulcers, rashes and to promote blemish free skin. Aromatherapy literature lists it as a powerful treatment for shingles. The oil contains a unique fatty acid called calophyllic acid, as well as a novel antibiotic lactone. Its non-steroidal anti-inflammatory properties result from the compound called calophyllolide. Calophyllum is antibacterial and a potent healing agent in skin care.

Cape Chamomile (Eriocephalis Punctulatus) Essential Oil – An exceptional essential oil from South Africa. Its main constituent, chamazulene, is a powerful anti-inflammatory. Its unique chemical structure combines chamazulene with esters, which relax the nervous system and provide soothing properties to the skin. This fruity scented oil is effective for atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, rosacea and adds therapeutic benefit to general skin care.

Citric Acid – An organic acid that is naturally occurring in citrus fruits and is used to adjust the pH of skin care products. Citric acid also assists in the preservation and color stabilization of the product.

CO2 Extract – A low-heat, high-pressure method of extracting the essence, or oily fraction, from plant material. CO2 (Supercritical Carbon Dioxide) extracts generally extol higher therapeutic values than other types of extractions because the essence is not subjected to high heat or chemically damaging solvents. This method also extracts tri-terpene compounds generally not found in the essential oils.

Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Milk – Coconut milk, like the oil, contains high amounts of lauric acid and its derivative, monolaurin. Coconut milk contains zinc, copper, enzymes, panothenic acid, and the vitamins A, C, and E, all very important nutrients in skin care. Coconut milk also stabilizes oil-in-water emulsions. As an added benefit, coconut milk has an exotic and pleasing fragrance.

Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Oil, Virgin – In the virgin form, the oil is not refined, bleached or deodorized. Virgin Coconut Oil not only smells more delicious, it also retains Vitamin E and its antioxidant fatty acids. Coconut oil contains medium chain fatty acids not present in other oils and has a 50% content of lauric acid. This oil has a long history of use as an emollient and healing conditioner for the skin and scalp.

Cranberry (Vaccinium Macrocarpon) Seed Oil – The one to one ratio of Omega 6 to Omega 3 fatty acids makes this oil a great benefit to healing and nourishing the skin. Cranberry Seed Oil has oxidative stability and contains 70% essential fatty acids as well as high levels of the antioxidant tocopherols. These features make it superb for use as an emollient, lubricant and skin conditioner. It contributes to the skin’s own lipid barrier and assists in moisture retention.

Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus) Extract – Cucumber has been used over the centuries to cool the skin, reduce inflammation and to heal and soothe irritated or sunburned skin. It is an excellent ingredient for those with very sensitive skin. Cucumber is moisture-binding and tightens the skin.

Decyl Glucose/Glucoside – A nonionic (molecules that are uncharged) surfactant that is extremely mild. Naturally derived from sugar. It is especially recommended for sensitive skin use.

DMAE (Dimethylaminoethanol) – DMAE is a compound naturally produced in the brain and is also found in fish (sardines, anchovies and salmon). It has the ability to stimulate neurotransmitters that are required for proper mental function. When topically applied to the skin, DMAE stimulates acetylcholine release, triggering a response within the muscles of the face that creates firmer facial tone and tightening of sagging skin. It is used to reduce fine lines and wrinkles, showing a noticeable improvement in the skin within 20 minutes of application. DMAE has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Essential Oils – These are fatty (oil) byproducts of plant metabolism that are extracted using distillation or by cold expression of the fruit rind. Essential oils are used in the practice of Aromatherapy, which is the art and science of using essential oils for the health of body, mind and spirit. Essential oils are powerful remedies for safe healing and are excellent for use in skin care. The well documented therapeutic benefits of essential oils include; anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, cell regenerative, soothing, stress and anxiety reduction, wound healing as well as aid in digestion, support respiration and cardiovascular function and balance the central and autonomic nervous systems. Essential oils have holistic properties, meaning they are able to treat the whole body, not just symptoms. This becomes very beneficial when treating difficult skin conditions such as acne and atopic dermatitis. It is important to use essential oils that have been grown and produced (distilled) properly with the intention of creating a product for therapeutic benefit. Most essential oils in the marketplace are produced for the flavor and fragrance industries. These are generally adulterated, which means they have been diluted with synthetics or isolated natural compounds to create an “even” perfume fragrance or to reduce the high cost. Adulterated oils have had their natural balance and therapeutic properties compromised and may even cause the oil to become an irritant. It takes a well trained and experienced Aromatherapist to select quality essential oils that are truly useful for therapeutic benefit.

Ester C ® and Ascorbic Palmitate (Vitamin C) – Ester C is a trademarked name and process that turns the water soluble L-ascorbic acid, Vitamin C , into a fat-soluble form for easy absorption into the skin. Ascorbic Palmitate is an esterfied process of L-ascorbic acid, which is also fat soluble, Vitamin C supports the production and maintenance of collagen in the body and also protects the cells from free radical damage. The skin derives minimum benefit from topical use of water-soluble L- ascorbic acid. It does not penetrate the lipid barrier of the skin, tends to lose its oxidative potency quickly and is a potential irritant. When Vitamin C is esterfied, it retains its properties and becomes fat-soluble for maximum penetration into the skin without irritation. The skin benefits from the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and collagen enhancing properties of Vitamin C.

Flower Essence – In its technical form, this essence is considered to be a type of water extraction. The extraction is performed under gentle and organic atmospheric conditions of sunlight or moonlight, over a lengthy period of time. The purpose of this method is to extract the subtle energies of the plant. Therapeutically flower essences interact with and have a positive influence over emotional and mental states that directly and/or indirectly affect the physical health, appearance, well-being and mental attitude.

OHA’s Vanilla Leaf Flower Essence is used to assist in affirming acceptance of one’s self and problems that relate to self-denigration. It is through this balance of self that this flower essence will relieve disorders of the skin. Vanilla Leaf Flower Essence will assist the person in celebrating the uniqueness of self, both emotional and mental.

Grapeseed (Vitis Vinifera) Oil – This is a common oil used for massage and for use in aromatherapy due to its easy absorption into the skin and light odor.  The oil is high in linoleic acid, giving it its nourishing skin properties. Grapeseed oil has non- allergenic properties making it a safe oil to use for sensitive skin. OHA uses a Non-RBD grapeseed oil which is deep green in color with a fruity fragrance. Most grapeseed oils are hexane extracted and are decolorized and deodorized which diminishes their therapeutic content.

Geranium (Pelargonium asperum) Essential Oil and Hydrosol – An interesting feature of geranium essential oil is its adaptogenic property, meaning it is able to adapt to the needs of the user. It is tonifying, antibacterial and one of the most powerful anti-fungal essential oils. Geranium has positive effects on the adrenal cortex, which leads to hormonal balance. This may explain why it is considered so extremely helpful for reproductive and hormonal imbalance in women. It is mildly astringent and also anti-inflammatory. The artisan produced geranium oil used in OHA is from Madagascar. Geranium hydrosol is soothing and contains the subtle properties of the essential oil.

Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis) Extract and Oil – Green Tea is known for its potent antioxidant properties and is currently being studied as a skin cancer preventative. The key constituent of green tea is EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate), a polyphenol. EGCG has been found to stimulate metabolic rate, reactivating damaged skin cells. Green Tea is a premier healthy aging product when used topically, sipped as a beverage or taken as a nutritional supplement.

Guar Gum – A natural resin extracted from the seeds of a tree found primarily in India and Pakistan. It is a polysaccharide used to thicken and emulsify food products and cosmetics.

Honey – Cleopatra may be responsible for honey’s historic reputation of enhancing beauty and the skin’s complexion. Honey, today, is well documented as a skin conditioner, a humectant, and skin softener. It supports cell renewal and assists in the formation of stronger collagen. Honey is an antioxidant that protects and rejuvenates the skin cells. There is a low level release of hydrogen peroxide from honey, which is partly responsible for its powerful antibacterial properties and use as a treatment for infected wounds.

Hydrosol (Floral Water, Hydrolate) – The water byproduct produced during the steam distillation of an essential oil. These waters contain essential oil molecules and water-soluble plant compounds. Because they are both therapeutic and moisturizing, hydrosols are excellent skin toners. Hydrosols and are a more subtle form of the essential oil and are non-irritating yet highly effective. They carry the scent signature of the plant they are derived from so are a pleasant addition to any skin care or health treatment. The hydrosols used in OHA are carefullly selected for stability, cleanliness and therapeutic quality.

Hydrolyzed Oats – A naturally derived ingredient that contains mainly oligosaccharides which increases the skin’s ability to hold moisture up to 3 times its normal capacity. This benefit results in a feel to the skin that can be described as ‘velvety.”

Jojoba (Buxus Chinensis) Oil – The jojoba plant produces a fatty wax -rather than an oil- that is largely composed of esters. Remarkably, the chemical structure is almost identical to that of human sebum. The discovery of jojoba in the 1960’s assisted in replacing whale oil in cosmetic manufacturing. Up until Jojoba’s discovery, whale oil was a key ingredient in many cosmetic and grooming products. Jojoba contains fatty acids and is anti-inflammatory, a UV protector, a skin emollient and is also beneficial in breaking down the hardened sebum that is responsible for plugged pores.

Lauroat – A vegetable derived anionic lipoprotein surfactant. Also known as sodium lauroyl amino acid. Used in natural cleansers for mild, effective cleansing.

Lavandin (Lavandin x Hybrida) Essential Oil – A hybrid of Lavandula angustifolia and Lavandula spica, cultivated and grown in Provence, France. Lavandin comprises 75% of the Lavender production in Provence. There are many varieties of Lavandin, the Lavandin hybrida grosso being the closest to true lavender. Lavandin is the “Industrial Lavender” and is used in detergents, toothpastes and cosmetics to cover unpleasant, raw ingredient, smells. Many oils labeled as Lavender or “True Lavender,” are actually pure Lavandin oil or are highly diluted with Lavandin essential oil. Though Lavandin seems to be inferior when compared to True Lavender, it still has the most basic stress relieving and antispasmodic properties. OHA utilizes these properties as well as making use of Lavandin’s ability to balance the fragrance of our other active ingredients. Lavandin evens the sometimes strong natural odors of unrefined (not deodorized) vegetable and fruit oils, such as Olive, Rose Hip Seed and Pumpkin Seed Oils.

Lavender (Lavandula Angustifolia) Essential Oil – One of the most popular essential oils, lavender is useful in treating a large variety of ailments. It is a versatile and safe oil that has been used successfully to treat eczema, psoriasis, burns, bronchial disorders, migraines, wounds, parasitic infection, and also as a relaxant, sleep aid and stress reliever. Lavender’s more well known properties include: antibacterial, antispasmodic, a circulatory stimulant and antiseptic. It is tonifying, having an ability to strengthen all systems of the body. Lavender regulates skin functions and stimulates cellular growth and regeneration. Lavender has the capacity to bring balance to all skin types, including acneic, dry, normal, sensitive and oily. Lavender would be the first oil to use when healing open wounds or surgical wounds.

Lavender Hydrosol offers similar therapeutic effects to the oil in a less concentrated application. The lavender water contains soothing and anti-inflammatory properties and is an excellent addition to any skin care regimen or formula. It can be sprayed on the face throughout the day to hydrate skin or to calm the senses.

The Lavender essential oils used in OHA products are an exclusive collection of Lavenders from across the globe. We combine these lavenders to fully utilize the impressive skin and anti-aging properties of this rich, aromatic and precious ingredient. The term ‘Lavender’ includes a number of sub-species with very different properties. The term used in Provence, France for True Lavender is Lavendé Vera or Population Lavender. This is a lavender grown from seed and is considered to produce the most complex lavender essential oil. Two other varieties used in aromatherapy are the Maillette and the Matheronne. These varieties have been cloned, or grown from clippings, and now grow all over the world. Their geographical location will affect the oil content, and in turn, the healing and fragrant properties, due to the difference in  soils, altitudes, climates and insects. Because Lavender has so many effective uses and a wonderful scent most people welcome Lavender as one of the most popular herbal crops in the world. Our rich source of artisan produced Lavenders include: French Population, Lavender Maillette, Tasmanian Lavender, Himalayan Lavender, Bulgarian Lavender, Pacific NW Lavender.

We also use Lavender Absolute, which is an extremely concentrated extraction with a desirable fragrance for use in perfuming.

Lecithin (Soy) – A natural emollient, spreading agent, emulsifier and antioxidant. Lecithin is a hydrophilic ingredient that attracts water and serves to moisturize the skin. Lecithin contains a naturally occurring phospholipids, similar to that found in the structure of cells and the lipid barrier of the skin. OHA utilizes a NON-GMO, soy derived lecithin.

Macadamia Ternifolia Nut Oil – Used as a carrier oil and an emollient, this oil has excellent penetration and absorption properties. Macadamia oil is non-greasy and gentle to the skin. It has a very similar fatty acid composition to the skin’s natural lubricants. Macadamia is excellent for use on very dry, mature and sensitive skins due to its palmitoleic oil content. This oil also contains magnesium and thiamine, which benefit the condition and healthy function of the skin cells.

Meadowfoam (Limnanthes Alba) Seed Oil – This  oil from the winter annual plant (Limnanthes alba) native to the Pacific NW, is a very mild and stable oil that resists oxidation. It is commonly called a “dry” oil by the cosmetic industry because of its ability to penetrate quickly into the skin. Meadowfoam Seed Oil is a rich emollient with 98% fatty acids. The oil is extracted from Meadowfoam seeds, which contain 2030% oil by weight.

Minerals (Trace) – Simple structured substances that play a major role in metabolism, thus regulating and controlling normal tissue, muscle and organ development and function. The most well-known trace minerals are: chromium, cobalt, fluorine, iodine, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel, selenium and silicon. The Trace Minerals used in OHA are derived ecologically from the Great Salt Lake.

MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane) – A natural sulfur compound found in plants (grains and vegetables), fish, meat and cow’s milk. Sulfur is found in every cell in the body and also in major amino acids, vitamins, antioxidants and hormones, that are essential for health. MSM contributes to the structure of amino acids that support the building of keratin. MSM is a skin strengthening and protective compound. It enhances collagen and elastin production for a youthful, smooth and radiant complexion. MSM has been extensively researched for skin penetration and is readily absorbed and utilized by the dermis. MSM breaks down scar tissue and is useful in reversing scars, stretch marks and wrinkles.

Olive (Olea Europaea) Oil – A carrier oil and excellent lubricant. Olive oil is targets epidermal kerantinocytes and also stimulates regeneration of such substances as collagen, elastin, proteoglycans and glycoproteins. This would explain why Mediterranean beauties have relied on it for healthy hair, skin and nails. Olive oil contains high amounts of the protective compound squalene. Japanese scientisits claim that Olive Oil applied after sunbathing protects against skin cancer by slowing tumor growth.

Olive Squalene – This component of Olive Oil has been referred to as a ‘face lift in a bottle’ due to its tremendously beneficial constituents. It is known to be highly penetrating and is naturally secreted by the sebaceous glands. It helps the skin retain moisture and works to soothe, nourish and protect dry and sensitive skin. Squalene has also been shown to boost the skin’s ability to regenerate, oxygenate and hydrate and to restore balance to the skin.

Perilla Ocymoides Oil – This oil is derived from the seed of the plant Perilla frutescens from East Asia. Perilla oil is 50-60% the Omega-3, alpha linolenic acid. Its properties have anti-inflammatory effects and appear to have positive action on cell membranes. Also contained in this oil are various amino acids and vitamins, which are also nourishing to the skin’s condition. Its antioxidant properties combined with the above benefits make it a cutting edge ingredient for topical skin care. Current research indicates positive effects on the heart and circulatory systems of the body when Perilla Oil is taken as a nutritional supplement.

Polyglucose – A natural blend of anionic surfactants derived from corn sugar. These have been used for many years as dough conditioners in the food industry.

Raspberry(Rubus Idaeus) Seed Oil – The raspberry has a long history of use as a household remedy. Many components of the raspberry plant offer medicinal properties. Raspberry oil is an effective anti-oxidant scavenger of free radicals in the skin tissue. The oil has a very high fatty acid content, containing both the Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, as well as tocopherols and tocotrienols. Raspberry Seed Oil is an emollient, a skin protector and absorbs UV rays.

Reishi Mushroom Extract – An annual mushroom growing on a wide variety of woods, typically on dead or dying trees. Most commonly found in the oak forests in the US southwest. It contains beta glucans, constituents that research has shown to support the immune response, increase stamina in the human body, and also helps to regulate respiration. In addition, the ganoderenic acids and protein content gives Reishi extract important anti-aging benefits; specifically, the ability to reduce damage from oxidative stress associated with free radicals. The Reishi mushroom increases the vitality and beauty of the skin. Reishi extract is an exciting and very promising new ingredient. OHA has sourced its Reishi mushroom extract from the worlds leading expert in medicinal mushrooms.

Rosehip (Rosa Rubiginosa/Canina) Seed Oil and CO2 – Rosehips are astringent with antioxidant protection, partly due to the very high content of Vitamin C. Rosehip Seed Oil is renowned for its outstanding skin regenerating properties. It is extremely effective for use in the healing of scars and in treating aging skin and wrinkles. Powerful toning effects on skin tissues are also documented.

Rosemary Officinalis Verbenone Essential Oil and CO2 Extract – The gentle ketone compound, verbenone, is what gives this Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) type its cell regenerative properties. Rosemary verbenone type is often chosen for scar and wrinkle reduction. It is a valuable addition to any skin care regimen with excellent nourishing properties.

Rosemary Verbenone type is antioxidant, restorative, antibacterial, antiinflammatory and analgesic. The CO2 extract contains triterpenes not found in the essential oils. These compounds contain COX-2 inhibiting anti-inflammatory properties. The rosmarinic acids in the CO2 extract have been identified for use in eliminating the follicle mite, Demodex, thought to be a direct cause of rosacea.

Sandalwood, Australian (Santalum Spicatum) Essential Oil – The powerful anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant compound, Alpha bisabolol, is a primary constituent of the Australian sandalwood… Alpha-bisabolol is not present in the Indian species of Sandalwood. The Australian variety, Santalum spicatum, also contains other constituents, such as the santalol, common to the Indian Mysore variety, Santalum alba. Australian sandalwood also shares the reputation of being beneficial in skin care and for emotional strength and balance. This essential oil is also antimicrobial with anti-ulcerative activity The Indian Mysore sandalwood essential oils that are available in the marketplace are synthetic. This is due to the near extinction of the trees from the over harvesting of the wood and oil. Though there are now some ecological plantations producing oil in the Mysore region of India, there is not yet a quantity that makes it available in the world market. This is the reason that Australian Sandalwood has become the ideal and environmentally responsible replacement for the Indian Mysore Sandalwood. The only “sustainable” sandalwood available for use in  skin care is synthetic or Indonesian. OHA avoids the use of Indonesian sandalwood due to unfair labor practices.

Sea Buckthorn (Hippophae Rhamnoides) CO2 Extract – Sea Buckthorn oil assists in the regeneration and repair of the skin. Its benefits include the healing of: eczema, rosacea, burns, wounds and sun damage, as well as assisting in the healing process following cosmetic laser surgery. Sea Buckthorn oil contains high amounts of fatty acids (oleic, linoleic, pentadecenoic, palmitoleic, linolenic and others), carotenes (alphaand beta-carotenes, lycopene,cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin, taraxanthin and phytofluin), tocopherols and phytosterols; all important compounds for the maintenance of  healthy skin. The EFA content of Sea Buckthorn oil extract is 80-95%. Sea Buckthorn is an ideal source of the Omega-7 fatty acids. These are a rarely found group of fatty acids that protect, nourish, replenish and restore the skin and the delicate membranes of the digestive tract.

Shea (Butyrospermum Parkii) Butter – An excellent emollient that is used in cosmetic preparations and skin care products. It protects the skin from dehydration and other negative influences. It is a natural fat that is extracted from the fruit of the karite tree and has a long history of use as a medical treatment and also sun protectant, moisturizer and hair dressing by many African tribes.

Silk – A natural protein fiber used in skin care, silk is a soft, lustrous protein thread obtained from the silk cocoon woven by the Silk Worm. This thread is converted and used in cosmetic formulations to give skin a soft, velvety feel. The water-binding properties and the amino acids found in silk have a moderate degree of antioxidant activity. These properties also prevent dehydration, which then protect the lipid barrier of the skin. OHA does not use silk that boils or kills the larvae. The silk is derived from empty cocoons.

Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate – Another one of the more mild surfactants used for gentle cleansing, Sodium stearoyl lactylate is made by combining lactic acid and stearic acid which are then reacted with sodium hydroxide. It is generally used as an emulsifier in baked goods. It acts as a humectant and emulsifier in personal care products.

Soy Stearyl Polypeptide – Opacifying blend of creamy surfactants for gentle cleansing of the skin. It is of vegetable origin.

Sugar (Saccharum Officinarum), Organic – This is the same common sweetening agent used in food and as the starting ingredient in fermentation processes. Sugar is used as a preservative and an antioxidant in pharmaceutical formulations and as a substitute for glycerin in other commercial foods and products. Sugar, when used in skin care, is a demulcent, emollient, a mild emulsifier, a humectant and exfoliant.

Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Seed Extract – This ingredient is rich in anticarcinogenic phenolic acids. Sunflower seed inhibits protein glycation and limits the damaging effects of free radicals. The glycopeptide fraction of this product limits cross-linking that causes collagen fibers to become rigid. Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Oil – A commonly used, noncomedogenic carrier oil with soothing properties for the skin. Sunflower oil is high in linoleic acid along with other skin nourishing fatty acids. Lecithin, waxes and carotenoids are also present for added anti-oxidant and nourishing skin care properties.

Tamarind (Tamarindus Indica) Seed Extract – The Tamarind Tree originated in East Africa but now grows mainly in India. It is cultivated in several different tropical countries, particularly Southeast Asia. The tree flowers in spring and bears ripe fruit the following winter. The fruit contains seeds with a high content of polysaccharides, mainly galactoxoglycans. Studies have shown that Tamarind Seed extract significantly improves skin elasticity, hydration and smoothness to the skin and compares to Hyaluronic Acid in its efficacy.

Tocotrienols – These compounds share a very important and powerful antioxidant function with Vitamin E. There are four tocotrienol compounds; alpha-, beta-, delta- and gamma. Tocotrienols have 40-60% higher antioxidant potencies than the more commonly used form of Vitamin E, Tocopherol.

Trace Minerals – see definition under Minerals (Trace).

Vegetable Glycerin – This can either be produced naturally from vegetable oils, or artificially from propylene glycol. The glycerin used in OHA is from vegetables and is also Kosher certified. Vegetable glycerin is a sweet, syrupy alcohol that has been used in cosmetic formulations for hundreds of years; as a solvent, humectant, emollient and lubricant. Vegetable glycerin helps maintain water balance in the intercellular matrix and works to maintain homeostasis of the skin.

Vitamin E – Vitamin E is a nutrient having antioxidant properties and UV protection. It is the body’s most important antioxidant for the protection of fatty acids in cell membranes. Vitamin E also helps in the regeneration of the skin after injuries or other damaging factors. Topically, it can be used to stimulate healthy cell growth and to prevent scarring. Vitamin E is a must in any anti-aging program. There are two major types of Vitamin E used currently: a natural- and a synthetic form. It is important to discern the difference, since natural Vitamin E is up to three times more effective in the human body. Naturally occurring Vitamin E is called d-tocopherol. The synthetic version is called dl-tocopherol. There are 4 forms of tocopherol: alpha-/beta-/delta-/ and gamma-tocopherol.

Witch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana) Hydrosol -Witch Hazel is potent antioxidant hydrosol and very useful in skin care. When topically applied, it reduces redness, rashes, itching swelling and scaling of skin. It heals cracked or blistered skin and is extremely good for eczema. Witch hazel is powerfully antiinflammatory and antioxidant, and is a valuable anti-aging ingredient. The true hydrosol smells nothing like commercially available witch hazel and should not be confused with the extract commonly found in stores.

Xanthan Gum – An anionic polysaccharide that is derived and fermented from corn sugar. It is used to thicken water-soluble ingredients in foods and cosmetics.

Ylang Ylang (Cananga Odorata) Essential Oil and Hydrosol – An excellent relaxing and anti-stress agent. Ylang ylang is antiseptic, rejuvenating, calming, smoothing and antispasmodic. This oil is great for reducing inflammation, irritation and acne. It also brings skin into balance and has proven to be very successful in treating skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.

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